Translation by George Hoskins
These have been observed mainly in the south of England
(Hampshire, Wiltshire…) since the 60s, and more recently all over the
world. To the present day their number has been estimated to at least
In the beginning it was a question of ears of wheat found
flattened down to ground level in the form of a circle. Since then the
phenomenon has become considerably complex and diversified. Nowadays the
patterns found in fields are large up to some hundreds of metres in size,
and complex geometric shapes (see an example fig. 5-a) completed
in a very short time such as less than half a minute [PDCA89
p. 156 and LP98]. Many hypotheses have been examined, including
that of extraterrestrials because UFOs have often been observed in the
vicinity [PDCA89 p. 17, 35, 38, 63, 68, 84, 89 and
98], sometimes casting a luminous ray towards the ground [p.
Fig. 5-a: Beckampton (Wiltshire) 8th
Flattened down wheat is in white.
Tractor tracks due to crop spraying can be seen.
Drawing diameter is ~50 metres.
It is likely that these geometric designs are due to
the firing of an aerial military microwave cannon, piloted by computer.
The arguments supporting this view are as follows:
Research by Dr Levengood (of
BLT Research Team), an American biophysicist, corroborated by
the analyses of Ken Larsen, a British biologist, has shown that
the way in which the stalks (wheat, rapeseed…) are flattened without
being broken or damaged [p. 25…] is typical
of a UHF microwave effect. Thus one can see stalks of rapeseed curving
at 90 degrees, the flowers of which are still intact, although those
same rapeseed stalks break easily when one attempts to bend them
over by hand [p. 151]. The new position
taken up by the plant becomes fixed. It continues to grow horizontally
[p. 3 and 158] and breaks if one tries
to return it to the upright position [p. 140].
Phenomena of electromagnetic origin have been observed
at the locations: irregular compass behaviour [p. 172],
disturbance of electrical apparatus [p. 44,
60 and 172-173], disturbance of radio frequencies, luminous
flashes [p. 34, 52, 65 and 95], cracking
sounds [p. 52, 63, 66 and 172-173], animals
obviously unwell [p. 65 and 81], dowsing
effects [p. 177-178], etc. Numerous positive
effects (spontaneous cures, feelings of peace…) or negative effects
(temporary paralysis, mental confusion, loss of memory, terror…)
have also been observed in humans [LP98].
Let us remember that certain effects could also be explained by
a reaction of fertilisers or pesticides subjected to microwave radiation,
a reaction which could release toxic gases [LP98,
who mentions organic phosphates]. The appearances of luminous
flashes and the cracking sounds are not inevitably objective phenomena
and they could be only feelings induced in the brain of the witness
by an electromagnetic field. Albert Budden gives an example of such
magnetophosphenes: "If the brain of the subject is exposed
to an [alternating] magnetic field whose frequency varies from 10
to 100 Hz and whose power varies from 200 to 1,000 G,
the subject will see flashes of light [...] in the top left corner
of his visual field." [AB98 p. 59-60, citing
research by L. Ruttan, M. Persinger and S. Koren].
The investigator Busty Taylor showed that samples
of plants or ground taken in a crop circle could be attracted by
a simple magnet [AB98 p. 50-51]. That
could be explained by the fact that the ferromagnetic particles
present in the dust of the atmosphere were bound with the site of
the circle, after or during its creation. Some of these particles
have been scrutinised under microscope. They seemed to have melted
when touching the soil or the plants to create a fine cracked glaze.
A bird was found within one particular formation
and its body appeared literally to have exploded, as if it had been
cooked alive in a microwave oven. In other formations some dried
out hedgehogs were discovered [LP98]. Also
wheat grains are dehydrated and crunchy. They are less conductive
according to work by Dr Levengood.
Microwave laser technology appeared during the
50s and has been improving in keeping with the increasing complexity
of the crop circles. Is it a mere coincidence?
More than 50% of the circles observed in England
have appeared during cloudy or rainy weather: the cloud cover would
allow the origin of the microwave firing to be hidden. Microwaves
are able to pass through clouds and act through falling rain, and
they are perhaps less damaging to plants when it is raining.
Certain patterns suggest the use of a rotating
beam with variable diameter according to the circles in question
[PDCA89 p. 156], which might correspond
to either the natural or deliberate dispersion of a maser beam,
fired from a high altitude. The diameter is estimated to be less
than 30 centimetres at a distance of 20 kilometres.
Why by Computer:
The geometric designs observed today are typical
of those one can see on computers: 3D designs, fractal designs…
Certain patterns are, mathematically speaking, pretty complex (fig. 5-b).
Fig. 5-b: a few of the pictograms
observed in England
The designs are drawn very rapidly, by day and
by night, sometimes in front of witnesses who report seeing the
ears of wheat flattening out in front of them in a few dozens of
seconds. Three accounts of this type have been recorded up to the
present day, coming from known and trustworthy witnesses [LP98].
Numerous other accounts have come from unfortunately less trustworthy
Why an Aerial Shooting:
There are no traces of access to the sites even
when the field is not lined by tractor tracks because the crop is
not sprayed, or when the ground is muddy [PDCA89
p. 68, 107, 113 and 155]. We must remember that a field
of mature rapeseed cannot be crossed on foot because the plants
(as high as 1,50 metres) are tightly interwoven.
There are sometimes broken or burned tree branches
directly above the circles [p. 174 and 184].
Why by the Military:
HPM (High Power Microwave) technology is used by
the military today for destroying enemy electronic equipment.
President Reagan’s "Star Wars" (SDI)
proposed the setting up of various antimissile laser devices. Let
us mention only the GBL (Ground-Based Laser), a ground cannon aimed
at a reflecting satellite which sends the light beam to a combat
satellite mirror, and the SBL (Space-Based Laser) which aims directly
at the target. Even if the global project has been abandoned, some
of its devices may have been completed on a small scale. The firing
can also be carried out from a plane (airborne laser) or a dirigible
balloon positioned at a height of 20 kilometres and stabilised for
example by ionic propulsion engines. As the reader will appreciate,
the necessary technical means appear to be accessible only to the
In 1991, a design appeared in front of the country
residence of the British Prime Minister John Major, pointing towards
the house. Obviously this dwelling was under strict surveillance
because of a fear of IRA terrorist acts. What other organisation
apart from the secret services would be behind such a design? Numerous
crop circles have also been observed in fenced military areas under
The military wish to maintain the belief in extraterrestrials
and are carrying out psychological warfare tests. They have the
means for decoying the observers with fake saucers so that the circles
will be attributed to extraterrestrials.
The military secret services are not held back
by the risk of killing. Unfortunately the "circles" have
already produced one victim: on the 22nd October 1987,
as his jet was passing above a crop circle, the pilot ejected and
then detached himself from his parachute before hitting the ground
[cf PDCA89 p. 104]. Some aerial photographers
report that the designs have a noticeable influence on them and
on the aircraft controls when it is flying above them.
The British military is co-operating extensively
with the American military and may have agreed to the use of "its"
The authentic formations have, of course, lead to numerous
imitations which were at first rare and clumsy but nowadays are more common
and sometimes impressive if the hoaxers have worked as a team for long
hours. Competitions have been organised but no hoax has been able to withstand
In order to distinguish an authentic pattern from a hoax,
investigators concentrate mainly on the bending of the plant's stalk at
its base, the plant having always to remain unbroken, something which
imitators find impossible to achieve as they tread down their design in
all directions during its making. Freddy Silva sometimes uses infrared
photography on which one must see appear traces of disturbances in the
spread of water within the soil if the design has really been created
by heat-inducing rays. Debbie Benstead and other researchers often clearly
identify a metallic taste in their mouths when they walk within an authentic
formation [LP98] which could be due to a residual
electromagnetic field interfering with tooth filling inside their mouth.
In 1991, according to research by George Wingfield, the
CIA and the British Ministry of Defence secretly persuaded two retired
gentlemen, David Chorley and Douglas Bower, to declare that they were
the authors of the crop circles that had been observed to date, without
providing evidence to support their statement. When this explanation became
clearly insufficient, some agricultural students then made their appearance
claiming they were making the circles. Now that it is almost admitted
that microwaves are involved, are we to see appear in the media a group
of scientist hoaxers who make designs in the fields from their telecommunications
by Emmanuel Dehlinger
are back... The Hampshire crop circles are re-appearing. This
intricate design was spotted alongside the Winchester to Corhampton
road at Stephen Castle Down at the weekend."
[Article from Hampshire Chronicle, Friday, July 7,
After studying the question of crop circles,
you might be interested to see the technical solution we suggest
in the third part of this book, in the paragraph called The
Crime Weapon Identified